Shelter craft is an important survival skill to learn. Shelter from the elements is almost always your first consideration in any survival situation. Weather and availability of materials will most likely dictate the shelter built. The lean-to shelter is an example of a design to tackle extreme cold in the northern forest.
Survival skills stranded with no tools
The debris hut, also known as a leaf hut, can be built without tools. All you need is the available material at hand. Make sure the spot you choose for your debris hut is plentiful in debris.
Survival skills and snow shelters
During cold conditions when enough snow is available the snow cave will save your life. The best way to dig a snow cave is with a snow shovel. But, if you don’t have a snow shovel, you can use snowshoes, tent poles, or your hands to dig.
Survival skills and emergency survival shelters
For shelters to be effective, you need to have plenty of material on hand. As an example, shelters that use warming fires use large amounts of firewood. A good rule of thumb is to estimate the amount firewood you will use, then double or triple that amount.
Debris huts need piles of leaf-like litter to work. Always choose an area that has enough debris at the shelter site. If you fail in this you will soon realize your mistake and become exhausted.
Shelters will flood when built-in low areas along rivers and streams. Standing dead trees, stinging insects, and poisonous plants all pose a risk to the unwary. So, a good shelter in a poor location is still a poor shelter.
Survival Skills and staying alive in the wild
Most of all staying alive in the wild is due to your ability to apply your survival skills to the conditions at hand. A ‘never give up’ attitude and your ability to think clearly in your new reality will make you a survivor. Hence, survival skills and survival training can help you make it out alive.